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date.timezone WTF?

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CSI: PHP Investigator @jsundquist recently forwarded the below incident report:

Yesterday a user posted in the php general mailing list asking why he needed to set a default timezone now for php 5.3. It was explained to him why and how.
After doing some of his own research he decided to go the route of:



His only reasoning for wanting to go this route is because it is “deployed on servers all over the world and he does not know what timezone the server is in”.

All I can say to that is, wow. Set it to UTC and leave it at that.

I’m with Sundquist on this one. Wow.

Timezone is serious business

First, always set date.timezone. Always, always, always. It’s used by all of the PHP date/time functions, and those are pretty damned important.

If the timezone is invalid, PHP generates E_NOTICE. You’ll get an E_WARNING if PHP has to guess your timezone from the system settings or has to use the TZ environment variable. What’s more, PHP no longer attempts to guess your timezone as of PHP 5.4.0. Setting your timezone in your php.ini or using date_default_timezone_set() is a must.

The “shutup” operator

Don’t use it. Ever. It’s never OK to use the shutup operator. Those notices and warnings are there for a reason, and should be dealt with immediately (you always develop with error_reporting set to -1, right?).

Worse than silencing notices and warnings, the Error Control Operators documentation states,

“… the ”@“ error-control operator prefix will even disable error reporting for critical errors that will terminate script execution.”

Good luck troubleshooting that business.

So which timezone do I use?

Take Sundquist’s advice. If you’re not sure what to do with your timezone, set it to UTC and move on.

If you have any thoughts or advice you’d like to add, drop ‘em in the comments below.